Honey is a sweet liquid made by honeybees using the nectar of flowering plants. Bees store the honey in a wax structure called honeycomb. Honey is basically composed of sugars like glucose and fructose. Depending upon the flowers in the vicinity where the bees carry out honey formation, it can be of two varieties namely: multifloral honey (formed from nectars of many flowers) or monofloral honey (made from the nectar of one flower). The oldest known honey remains were found in Georgia. In the absence of sugar, honey was used as an integral sweetening ingredient in Greek and Roman cuisines. Today China is the largest producer of honey in the World followed by Turkey, Iran, the United States, and Ukraine.
It is best to buy original honey than the commercial or processed ones. Study the label of the honey pack very carefully as some people might be allergic to certain flower compounds. Thus buying a multifloral honey is not a good idea. Fresh honey appears clear and does not set in layers.
Though honey allergies are rare, it is still a potential allergen. One must be careful while consuming honey as it may cause allergic reactions like rashes, facial welling, nausea, vomiting and anaphylaxis in severe cases. Honey contains a strand of bacteria C botulinum. This may be the potential cause of producing toxins in an infant’s digestive system and lead to infant botulism. Researches don’t recommend the consumption of honey by infants less than a year old. (4)
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