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Ammonium Bicarbonate (E503 (ii))

Also Known As : Ammonium bicarbonate, Ammonium acid carbonate, Mono ammonium carbonate, Ammonium hydrogen carbonate, Azanium hydrogen carbonate, Carbonic acid monoammonium salt, Hartshorn, Rock ammonia

Vegetarian

Taste Profile

It has a slight odour of ammonia, which may dissipate during the course of baking.

Usage Tips

  1. Ammonium Bicarbonate (E503 (ii)) is very popularly used to make flat baked goods, like cookies and crackers.
  2. In Northern Europe, it is used to make springerle and gingerbread cookies while in China it is used in steamed buns and Chinese almond cookies.
  3. It is also used for blanching green vegetables and bamboo shoots.

Common names and forms

  1. Ammonium Bicarbonate
  2. Ammonium Bicarbonate (INS 503 (ii)
  3. Ammonium Hydrogen Carbonate
  4. E503(ii)
  5. Leavening Agent (503(ii))
  6. Leavening Agent (E 503 ii)
  7. Leavening Agents [INS 503(ii)]
  8. Raising Agent (503(ii))
  9. Raising Agent (Ammonium Bicarbonate)
  10. Raising Agent (E 503(ii))
  11. Raising Agent E503(iii)
  12. Raising Agents (INS503(ii)

Description

Ammonium Bicarbonate is a food additive which has been in use since a long time for its leavening properties. It is a white crystalline powder used mainly as a raising agent in baked products. It releases gas and, at the same time, increases batter and dough volume for baked goods. At first, it was made from the ground antlers of reindeer. It is obtained by combining carbon dioxide with ammonia and on degradation it results in carbon dioxide, water, and ammonia. It is less used now-a-days as baking powder is more preferred than Ammonium bicarbonate as its safer and yield better results. 

Selection Guide

Store always in a cool place and away from strong oxidants (like carbon dioxide, hydrogen peroxide), strong bases and acids (like potassium hydroxide, sodium hydroxide, hydrogen chloride, and sulphuric acid).

Note

Breathing ammonium bicarbonate can cause irritation to the nose, throat, and lungs leading to coughing, wheezing and shortness of breath. However, on repeated exposure, bronchitis may develop accompanied by cough and shortness of breath.(1) Contact with eyes or skin may also result in irritation.(2)

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