Banana is a lengthy yellow fruit, found in groups of three to twenty fruits. Bananas are believed to have been the world's first cultivated fruit. It is generally believed that bananas originated in Southeast Asia and the South Pacific around 8000 to 5000 BC. Bananas can be harvested throughout the year.There are various varieties of banana that are consumed. The most commonly consumed variety is Cavendish banana, which are mildly sweet when they are ripe. Other varieties of banana grown worldwide are Plantain or green banana - they are large, have more starch and less sweetness than Cavendish variety and are often used for cooking. Red banana- which is very short and plump but it is sweeter than Cavendish banana. Lady finger variety of bananas is thinner and slightly shorter than the normal banana but is so sweet that they can be eaten as a dessert. Bananas are predominantly produced in Asia, Latin America and Africa. India and China are the biggest producers of banana. In India Tamil Nadu, Gujarat and Maharashtra are the top most banana producing states.
Avoid bananas with brown spots that seem very soft. Banana with solid yellow skin color speckled with brown color is considered best in quality. Don't opt for bananas that have a strong odor as it indicates over ripeness.
People with diabetes should avoid eating bananas or atleast control the amout in which it is consumed as it may shoot up the blood glucose levels rapidly. (1)
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