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Barnyard Millet

Also Known As : Sama Sanwa Millet, Shamula, Sama, Shama, Shamul, Kudirai Valu, Bonta Chamalu, Samvat ke Chawal
Technical Name : Echinochloa frumentacea


Taste Profile

It has a sweet nutty flavour. 

Usage Tips

  1. Barnyard Millet should be stored in an airtight container in a dry and cool place.
  2. It is used to make roti, porridge, pancakes, vada, idli, etc.

Common names and forms

  1. Barnyard Millets Whole
  2. Barnyard Mixed flour
  3. Bhagar
  4. Oodalu
  5. Raw Barnyard Millets
  6. Samak
  7. Samak rice
  8. Samvat rice Barnyard Millet Rava


Barnyard millet, which is also known as Sanwa millet has a similar texture to that of the broken rice. It is a tiny white grain that happens to be bigger in size than semolina but is smaller than sabudana (sago), and are generally sticky. Barnyard millets generally comprise of two different species, Japanese barnyard millet, and Indian barnyard millet. They are usually rainfed crop, but also happens to be very drought resistant and has the potential of withstanding waterlogging. They are at times used for making kheer, at times it is also used for brewing beer. Moreover, they are also used as feed for cage birds, and its straw is used as a fodder for cattle.  Apart from that, it is also used in many food products like porridge, cookies, cakes, etc. They happen to be a common staple in the Uttaranchal region, as it is best grown in the hilly region, and as for that matter, they have a nutty flavour with a hint of sweetness. It is generally sown in the Kharif season, ie June - July and in the rabi season September - October. Barnyard millet draws a reference in the ancient literature of India, supposedly has drawn history of cultivation in China. It’s been postulated that barnyard millet probably had been originated somewhere in Central Asia, and thereby spread from Central Asia to Europe and America.Barnyard millet flour is also available in market.

Health benefits

  • As barnyard millets have a low glycemic index with a higher amount of dietary fibre and a lower amount of carbohydrates, it is said to be an ideal food for diabetics and people with cardiovascular diseases.(1)
  • It is said to be a good alternative wheat because it free from gluten, hence is recommended to those who are sensitive to gluten and succumb to a condition called celiac disease and irritable bowel syndrome.(1)
  • It has a high level of calcium, thus it helps to calcify the bone and strengthen it; thereby it also strengthens the teeth.(1)
  • The insoluble fibre in barnyard millet helps in reducing the chance of gallstones.(2)

Selection Guide

Barnyard Millet should be clean and free of dust, without any infection and foul smell.

- Disclaimer
"Information here is provided for discussion and educational purposes only. It is not intended as medical advice or product or ingredient review/rating. The information may not apply to you and before you use or take any action, you should contact the manufacturer, seller, medical, dietary, fitness or other professional. If you utilize any information provided here, you do so at your own risk and you waive any right against Culinary Communications Private Limited, its affiliates, officers, directors, employees or representatives.”