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Emulsifier (INS 435)

Also Known As : Polyoxyethylene (20) sorbitan monostearate, E435, Polysorbate 60, PEG 60, Polyoxyethylene Sorbitan Monostearate


Taste Profile

Emulsifier (INS 435) has a mild odour.

Usage Tips

  1. Common food uses of Emulsifier (INS 435) include ice cream, soft drinks, bakery products, salad dressings, coffee creamers, frozen desserts, chewing gum and imitation dairy products like whipping cream.

Common names and forms

  1. Emulsifier E435
  2. Emulsifying & Stabilizing Agents (INS 435)
  3. Stabilizing Agent (INS 435)
  4. Sweetener (E435)


Emulsifier (INS 435) is a food additive commonly used as an emulsifier in foods. An emulsifier helps to stabilize ingredients in a mixture which includes water/water-based liquids and oil together. It also prevents foods from releasing moisture that will lead to staleness. INS 435 is a synthetic compound, made from ethylene oxide, sorbitol and stearic acid. It is a lemon to orange coloured oily liquid or semi-gel. The stearic acid may be from plant or animal sources. Sorbitol is a sugar alcohol commonly found in fruits. This sorbitol is dehydrated to form sorbitan which is further converted into an ester by the addition of stearic acid. Ethylene oxide is then added to result in Emulsifier (INS 435). It is found in a wide range of processed foods.


Consuming excessive quantities of Emulsifier (INS 435) may cause flatulence, diarrhoea and abdominal bloating.(1) It may also lead to miscarriage and infertility.(2) In high doses, it is likely to cause organ toxicity and cancer.(3)

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