Green peas are widely used all over the world. They are considered as vegetable but are actually legumes that grow on long, curling vines belonging to the Fabaceae family. Green peas consist of green coloured pods that are slightly curved in shape and have a smooth texture. On opening the pods, green and rounded seeds or peas are found. They are usually available from winter season to early-summers. They are one of the largest cultivated and consumed legume since thousands of years, infact it is one of the first food crops to be cultivated by humans. They have originated from the field pea that grown initially in central Asia and the Middle East. Canada at present ranks as the largest producer and exporter of green peas. India, France, China, and Russia also produce green peas on a large-scale. Green peas are widely consumed in both fresh and dried form.
Choose green peas whose pods are firm, smooth and plump. They should have a bright green appearance without any discolouration. Avoid flat pods as it indicates the seeds inside are immature. Do not buy those green peas that have moisture or mildew on them.
Green peas contain antinutrients like phytic acid and lectins that tends to interfere with the absorption of nutrients in the body and may also cause digestive distress like bloating and gas.(2)
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