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Gum Arabic

Also Known As : Acacia gum, Emulsifier (414), INS 414
Technical Name : Acacia senegal


Usage Tips

  1. Gum arabic can be used to bind food substances, like soup and sauces, as well as to smoothen textures, or to hold flavoring.
  2. The gum is used in chocolate candies, chocolate glaze, cocoa, gummy candies, marshmallows, as a wine clarifier, marzipan, an aroma encapsulator, and beer.

Common names and forms

  1. Acacia Gum (E414)
  2. Acacia Powder (E414)
  3. Edible Glaze (E414)
  4. Emulsifier (414)
  5. Emulsifier (E-1414)
  6. Emulsifier (E414)
  7. Emulsifiers (INS414)
  8. Emulsifying Agents E414
  9. Emulsifying And Stabilizing Agent (INS 414)
  10. Gum Arabic (INS 414)
  11. Stabiliser (414)
  12. Stabiliser (INS 414)
  13. Stabiliser 414
  14. Stabiliser: Gum Arabic (E414)
  15. Stabilizers E 414


Gum arabic is a water soluble powder like substance in off white colour. It is used as a thickener and emulsifier (414) in dairy products, canned foods, soft drinks and syrups (gomme syrup), essential oils, hard gummy candies, confectionery and other foods. It is even used in medicines and cough syrups.

Health benefits

  • Gum arabic is a source of good fiber.(1)
  • It soothes sore throat and cough.(1)
  • It helps in wound healing.(1)
  • It restricts blood loss.(1)


If taken in excess, it can cause nausea, abdominal bloating and excessive gas.(2)

- Disclaimer
"Information here is provided for discussion and educational purposes only. It is not intended as medical advice or product or ingredient review/rating. The information may not apply to you and before you use or take any action, you should contact the manufacturer, seller, medical, dietary, fitness or other professional. If you utilize any information provided here, you do so at your own risk and you waive any right against Culinary Communications Private Limited, its affiliates, officers, directors, employees or representatives.”