Gum arabic, also popularly known as acacia gum, is a gum produced from the dried sap of many species of acacia trees. The most important ones being Acacia nilotica, Senegalia (Acacia) senegal and Vachellia (Acacia) seyal. The hardened sap of the acacia plant is collected during the rainy season by making holes into the bark of the Acacia tree and collecting its sap. This gum is processed and is ready to be sold by the beginning of the month of November. Gum arabic was first used in Egypt on mummies to seal bandage wrappings. Ancient Greeks used it to relieve pain from blisters, burns and to stop nose bleeds. Now-a-days, Gum arabic is used in the food industry as an emulsifier, stabilizer and thickening agent in various food products. It is mainly manufactured in Sudan, Nigeria, and Chad with Sudan being the largest single producer.
Gum Arabic is sold in powder form or in gum form, choose as per one's requirement.
Overconsumption of Gum arabic may cause gas, bloating, cramps and constipation.(2)
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