Click here to Login
Subscribe for Newsletter GoToChef for Brands

Improver [1101(ii)]

Also Known As : Papain 1101(ii),Carica papaya l, Arbuz,Papaya enzyme,Papayotin,Papainase


Usage Tips

  1. Improver [1101(ii)] is used commonly in the food processing industry for chillproofing of beer (to avoid fine precipitates in beer when it is cooled), in tenderisation of meat, in the manufacture of dough for pizzas, and in the production of batter for waffles and wafers.

Common names and forms

  1. Enzymes (INS 1101 (i))
  2. Improver [Papain - 1101 (ii)]
  3. Papain
  4. Protease (E 1101(i))


Improver [1101(ii)] is a food additive derived from papain, an enzyme extracted from the raw fruit of the papaya plant. When the peel of an unripe papaya is scratched or scored it leaks a milky substance, from which papain is derived and then it is processed further by the methods like sun drying, tray drying or spray drying to obtain Improver [1101(ii)] .It exists as white to light tan powder or liquid. It's fuction in food is to catalyse the breakdown of proteins. The enzyme papain helps break proteins down into smaller protein components called peptides and then further into amino acids in foods like meats, poultry, fish, cheese, nuts, and eggs.


Improver [1101(ii)] may cause allergy in people due to papain. The tendency is greatest in people with allergy to latex or kiwi. Symptoms can include an itchy mouth, sneezing, watery eyes, nasal congestion, excessive sweating, and diarrhea.
It may lead to a life-threatening body reaction known as anaphylaxis. People who take anticoagulants like Coumadin/warfarin or antiplatelet drugs like Plavix/clopidogrel should avoid the consumption of Improver [1101(ii)] as it interferes with these medications. 
It can lower blood sugar and should be consumed carefully by those on diabetes medications as it may lead to hypoglycemia which is an abnormally low blood sugar level.(1)

- Disclaimer
"Information here is provided for discussion and educational purposes only. It is not intended as medical advice or product or ingredient review/rating. The information may not apply to you and before you use or take any action, you should contact the manufacturer, seller, medical, dietary, fitness or other professional. If you utilize any information provided here, you do so at your own risk and you waive any right against Culinary Communications Private Limited, its affiliates, officers, directors, employees or representatives.”