Mono Fatty Acids are fatty acids that have one double bond in the fatty acid chain and all of the remainder carbon atoms being single-bonded. They are found in plant foods like nuts(such as almonds, cashews, pecans), avocados, nut butters and vegetable oils. They are considered as healthy fats and provide a number of health benefits. The most common type of monounsaturated fatty acid is Oleic acid, comprising around 90% of those found in the diet. The other types include palmitoleic acid, vaccenic acid, undecylenic acid, myristoleic acid, erucic acid, petroselinic acid and cetoleic acid. They are liquid at room temperature and start to harden when chilled. They can be beneficial to health, consumed in moderation, in place of saturated and trans fats.
Excessive consumption of mono fatty acids in the body increases calorie content in the body and lead to weight gain. A high fat, rich in mono fatty acids is associated with increased risk of heart diseases and gallstones. (2)
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