Mushrooms belong to a group of edible fungus that provides a range of important nutrients. The origin of the cultivation of mushrooms is dated back to 1650 in France when some market gardeners observed the development of edible fungi when covering the mount’s dung with sand. There are various varieties of mushrooms currently available in the market. Of all the varieties, button mushroom holds the maximum share production followed by shiitake and oyster mushrooms respectively. Other varieties include portobello, cremini, enoki, maitake , chanterelle, beech, porcini and wild mushrooms. China, which is the largest producer of mushroom in the World, holds the position for maximum consumption as well. In India, the major producing states are Himachal Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Punjab, Haryana, Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, and Karnataka.
Choose mushrooms that appear firm, colored and have tightly closed caps. Make sure no spots or rots are there on the skin.
Mushrooms are a good source of beta-glucans which can stimulate immune functions. Thus, people with autoimmune diseases like arthritis, lupus, asthma and multiple sclerosis should avoid consuming it. (3)
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