Oranges are among the world's most popular fruits, as they’re both tasty and nutritious. They are a round, segmented citrus fruit with a pitted peel. It consists of several easily separated sections, each containing several seeds and many juice cells, covered by a leathery skin. They grow on orange trees (Citrus x sinensis) and belong to a large group of fruits known as citrus fruits. The taste varies from juicy and sweet to bitter, depending on the variety. Some of the common varieties include Valencia, Seville, and Hamlin. Most oranges are available year-round, except for the varieties like blood oranges, which have a shorter season. Today, oranges are grown in most warm regions of the world and consumed either fresh or as juice.
Look for fruits that are firm and heavy for size, with bright and colorful skins. Skin color is not a good guide to quality as fruits may be ripe even though they may have green spots. Avoid fruits with bruised, wrinkled or discolored skins.
Because oranges are high-acid food, it can contribute to heartburn, especially for those who already suffer from heartburn regularly. People who are taking beta-blockers (used to treat high blood pressure) should not consume too many oranges as they are high in potassium. (4)
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