Permitted Antioxidant (INS319) is used as an antioxidant in fats and oils. It is a petroleum-derived additive and is very commonly known as TBHQ which stands for Tertiary Butylhydroquinone. It is a white to light tan crystalline substance used in food products in order to prevent oxidation and rancidity and thereby increase shelf life. It is considered heat-stable and hence works as an effective antioxidant in the prevention of oxidation of frying oils. It also protects foods with iron from discoloration.
Consumption of Permitted Antioxidant (INS319) may cause cancer, birth defects, nausea, vomiting, delerium, collapse, dermatitis. A dosage of 5g Permitted Antioxidant (INS319) is considered fatal.(1)
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