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Permitted Emulsifying Salt (E331)

Also Known As : Sodium citrates


Taste Profile

It has sour taste.

Usage Tips

  1. It is used as a food additive to enhance the flavour of food and also as a preservative.
  2. It is added to food and beverages as a sour salt.

Common names and forms

  1. Acidity Regulator (E-331)
  2. Acidity Regulator 331
  3. Acidity Regulator INS 331
  4. Emulsifier (331)
  5. Emulsifier (INS 331)
  6. Emulsifying And Stabilizing Agent (INS 331)
  7. Emulsifying Salt (E331)
  8. Salt E331
  9. Softening Agent (INS 331)
  10. Stabiliser (INS 331)
  11. Stabilizer E331
  12. Stabilizers (INS 331)


Permitted Emulsifying Salt (E331) is the sodium salt of citric acid. It has white crystalline powder or granules like texture that are freely soluble in water, but insoluble in alcohol.


Permitted Emulsifying Salt (E331) can cause muscle spasms and contractions that could result in muscle tear and fractures. It may also cause hypernatremia which is high sodium content in the body. It may also cause metabolic disorders.(1)

- Disclaimer
"Information here is provided for discussion and educational purposes only. It is not intended as medical advice or product or ingredient review/rating. The information may not apply to you and before you use or take any action, you should contact the manufacturer, seller, medical, dietary, fitness or other professional. If you utilize any information provided here, you do so at your own risk and you waive any right against Culinary Communications Private Limited, its affiliates, officers, directors, employees or representatives.”