Chili is a fruit that belongs to the genus Capsicum. On ripening and drying chili fruit becomes red chili, which is then grounded to form red chili powder. Red chili powder is the dried, pulverized fruit of one or more varieties of chili pepper, which is often accompanied by the addition of other spices. There are several types of red chili powders found in the market, but of the varieties are very common: Dark red-colored chili powder is less hot and spicy as compared to light-colored powder. Currently, India is the largest producer as well as exporter of red chilies due to superior quality found here. In India major production comes from Andhra Pradesh, Maharashtra, Karnataka, Orissa and Rajasthan.
Read the labels before buying. Check the seal of the page and the use-by date. Make sure to buy red chili powder from a trusted shop and brand to be sure that there is no adulteration.
Red chili powder has been identified as a risk factor for mouth and throat cancer in India. Thus, excessive consumption must be avoided. (2)
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