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Stabilizer (INS 418)

Also Known As : Gellan gum


Taste Profile

It is tasteless and odourless.

Usage Tips

  1. It has excellent and versatile gel properties, hence it has gradually replaced the use of agar-agar and carrageenan in food products.
  2. Stabilizer (INS 418) is used in foods such as puddings, jellies, beverages, dairy products, alternate dairy products, jams, bread fillings, candy, sugar coatings, seasonings.
  3. Vegetarian milk and milk products like almond milk, coconut milk, and coconut yogurt usually have Stabilizer (INS 418)added to them as a thickener to prevent separation of ingredients.

Common names and forms

  1. Emulsifier (418)
  2. Stabilizer (Gellan Gum)
  3. Stabilizer (INS 418 - Gellan Gum)



Stabilizer (INS 418) is Gellan gum which grows naturally on water lilies but is artificially produced by fermenting sugar with a specific strain of bacteria, Sphingomonas elodea. It is a powder, beige in color and decomposes at a high temperature. It is widely used in food products as a stabilizer and works as a plant-based alternative to gelatin, which is derived from animal skin, cartilage, or bone. It dissolves on heating to a transparent solution and on cooling, forms a transparent and firm gel. It is effective at very low concentrations. One of its most important features is the varied texture it provides to food products. It has two forms,1) Low acyl gellan gum and 2) High acyl gellan gum. Low acyl gellan gum forms hard and brittle gels while high acyl gellan gum forms soft and elastic gels. By varying the ratio of these two forms a large variety of textures can be obtained. It does not alter the taste or color of foods to which it is added. Stabilizer (INS 418) is similar to other gelling agents used in food products like guar gum, carrageenan, agar-agar, and xanthan gum.


Stabilizer (INS 418) may slow down digestion in some people, hence it is best to limit its intake.(1)​

- Disclaimer
"Information here is provided for discussion and educational purposes only. It is not intended as medical advice or product or ingredient review/rating. The information may not apply to you and before you use or take any action, you should contact the manufacturer, seller, medical, dietary, fitness or other professional. If you utilize any information provided here, you do so at your own risk and you waive any right against Culinary Communications Private Limited, its affiliates, officers, directors, employees or representatives.”