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Vitamin D

Also Known As : Sunshine vitamin


Common names and forms

  1. Cholecalciferol
  2. Cholecalciferol (Vitamin D3)
  3. Vitamin (Ergocalciferol)
  4. Vitamin D2
  5. Vitamin D2 (Ergocalciferol)
  6. Vitamin D3


Vitamin D is a fat soluble vitamin. It is produced by the body as a response to sun exposure. Vitamin D can also be consumed in food or supplements. It is naturally present in milk and dairy products, cereals, eggs, and fish. Vitamin D has two forms, knows as vitamin D2 (ergocalciferol) and Vitamin D3 (cholecalciferol). Vitamin D3 is naturally made by our bodies after the skin is exposed to direct sunlight. However, the body can’t actually use vitamin D3 (cholecalciferol) until it is changed into an active form of vitamin D by the liver and kidneys. Vitamin D2, is a compound produced by irradiating yeast with ultraviolet light. It is synthesized by plants and is not produced by the human body. Vitamin D3 is only present in animal-sourced foods, whereas D2 mainly comes from plant sources and fortified foods.

Health benefits

  • Vitamin D helps in maintaining healthy bones.(1)
  • It helps to reduce the risk of flu.(1)
  • It helps to reduce the risk of cancer.(2)
  • It also reduces Alzheimer’s risk & lowers Alzheimer’s-related fractures.(2)
  • It also helps to decrease the risk of heart disease.(2)
  • Vitamin D supports healthy pregnancies.(2)


Excess of Vitamin D can cause nausea, and vomiting. It may also cuse stomach pain, constipation or diarrhea.(3)

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